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Our Nation > History > Homeland


The ancient Chickasaw Homeland was once scattered across the forests, mountains and prairies that later became parts of southwestern Kentucky, western Tennessee, northern Mississippi and northwestern Alabama. Major waterways, such as the Mississippi, Tombigbee and Tennessee Rivers, were fed by freshwater springs and supplied our Chickasaw ancestors with water for centuries. They offered not only a source of nourishment, but provided opportunities for trade and transportation in the region as well.

An ever-enduring feature of our Chickasaw Homeland was its numerous traces or pathways. They were a bustling expressway across the eastern continent for trade activities, transportation and hunting routes.

The most famous remnant of these land trails is the modern, 444-mile-long Natchez Trace Parkway, which was formed by prehistoric animals, including the mastodon and bison. Our ancestors arose from mound builder societies, with who built great earthen temples, large ceremonial complexes and agricultural fields that fed entire communities. Today, our Chickasaw Homeland remains very important to our Chickasaw people, history and culture.


The Homeland Today Presentation